At present this is the age of science. Modern science has brought man very near. The distances have shrunk. The press is also one of the modern tools. It has also brought the countries together. Now the press has become a necessary evil. People cannot do without press it had become the part of our life.
Our grandfathers were often illiterate but now a days most people learn to read and write. The poor laborer may lose this power soon after leaving his elementary school but many continue to read at least the newspapers written in their own language. In Britain great newspapers like the Daily Mail and the Express have a very wide circulation and are read by many hundreds of thousands.
The simple minded working man has a natural respect of anything he finds printed in a book or a newspaper. To him it is something with a stamp of authority something that must be right. This tendency is made full use of people who want to influence public opinion. The big circulation papers in Britain have usually a definite political basis. The Mail and the Express are frankly for the conservative party and it is very difficult to find a newspaper which takes a natural view in politics. The papers are limited companies which are conducted to make propaganda for political or big business interests. The leaders or important articles written by the editor or topics of national interest are thus inspired by party or sectional interest are thus inspirc by the party or sectional interest in many cases. They are written in a tone of moderation and with an air of weighing up the pros and cons but as a rule the editor has his employers to please. He acts after their choice.
In newspapers the government of the day is usually held up as brilliant and efficient or as dishonest and incompetent. Seldom do we get a resoned and unprejudiced estimate since an editor will either praise or condemn. According to the political color of his paper. Their views on great national issues such as peace and war trade policy taxation and so on are all the same. They are there to express the views of their party. Whether it be in power or in opposition. As the working classes like their news and their information to be hot so articles are usually expressed in strong language.
The press provided it be well informed and reasonable can play a useful part in educating public opinion and giving a true picture of events and movements. But too often the writers are content to appeal to racial and class hatred to political and national jealousy and to stir up feelings of excitement and bitterness. A well informed and honest press can be a great asset to a country but the little violent sectional papers are a threat to peace and it s happening today.
May be it is because of that a good news never sells a newspaper .So they always print out muggings crimes and disasters. They always give the wrong impression of life. Sometimes they black mail some organizations. For all this they are playing positive role s which no one can deny.