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Mechanical engineering Mechanics

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Mechanical engineering Mechanics
« on: March 16, 2009, 04:49:25 PM »
Mechanical engineering Mechanics
Main article: Mechanics
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Solid Mechanics
Mohr's circle, a common tool to study stresses in a mechanical element

Mechanics is, in the most general sense, the study of forces and their effect upon matter. Typically, engineering mechanics is used to analyze and predict the acceleration and deformation (both elastic and plastic) of objects under known forces (also called loads) or stresses. Subdisciplines of mechanics include

    * Statics, the study of non-moving bodies under known loads
    * Dynamics (or kinetics), the study of how forces affect moving bodies
    * Mechanics of materials, the study of how different materials deform under various types of stress
    * Fluid mechanics, the study of how fluids react to forces[19]
    * Continuum mechanics, a method of applying mechanics that assumes that objects are continuous (rather than discrete)

Mechanical engineers typically use mechanics in the design or analysis phases of engineering. If the engineering project were the design of a vehicle, statics might be employed to design the frame of the vehicle, in order to evaluate where the stresses will be most intense. Dynamics might be used when designing the car's engine, to evaluate the forces in the pistons and cams as the engine cycles. Mechanics of materials might be used to choose appropriate materials for the frame and engine. Fluid mechanics might be used to design a ventilation system for the vehicle (see HVAC), or to design the intake system for the engine.
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